Kolkata, the former capital of India and the present capital of West Bengal, Popularly known as the city of joy, it indeed brews up bliss, ecstasy and joy at every corner with plenty of natural and man-made beauties to boast for. Mouth-watering delicacies, vibrant festivals, colourful fairs, gorgeous and ethnic dresses, unsurpassed culture, art, literary forms, religious spots, rich history, traditional ornaments, bustling cities, age-old tram and metro services, tortuous lanes, grey shaded and trendy food joints, flea markets, adda and para culture, rich cultural and art forms, all are contributing factors that the kolkata is a lovely and lively place to visit and reside. The allies, lanes and stretched roads covering the city from all directions will happily give you a lift to any destination you want to visit.
Tourist Spots :
Some of the mesmerizing tourist attractions of Kolkata city including the Howrah Bridge, Birla Planetarium, Hoogly Bridge, Fort William, National Library, Eden Gardens, Victoria Memorial, Belur Math, etc. India holds a rich history dominated by the eras of Delhi Sultanate, the Mulghals, the Portuguese, the French and the British. All these have given way to a rich and hotchpotch history of this city.
Culture of Kolkata – Its Essence:
Be it art, dance, music, textile, foods, festivals, heritages, the streets, language, transport or multi-cultural presence of people Kolkata is definitely unique in every respect. Especially known for their welcoming nature, Kolkattans are popular to have friendly and amiable attitudes and also pleasing natures. They are easy going and can make you feel at home with their etiquettes, cordial behaviours and warm approaches.
It’s also the epitome of pilgrimage with many religious stops that carry immense cultural significance. St. Paul’s Cathedral, Park Street Cemetery, Kalighat, Dakshineshwar, Nakhoda Masjid, etc., are some of the most visited religious places. You would also spot a number of ghats (Ganga River banks) throughout the kolkata, the sight of which would give you utter bliss. Some of them to mention are Sovabajar, Baghbajar, and Ahiritola.
Coming to festivals, you would be fortunate if you happen to be in Kolkata in any of its most-celebrated festivals. Especially, Durga Puja is celebrated with much fun and frolic. People of all religion take to streets to catch glimpses of artistic idols and pandals. Also, saraswati puja, kali puja, dolyatra and holi, are celebrated with great pomp and gaiety along with bustling fairs.
Kolkata India is also known for the heroic freedom fighters who have dedicated their lives to the independence of the nation. The city stays at the peak of culture with award-winning and most talented personalities in the field of entertainment, cinema and literature like Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak, Tapan Sinha, Mrinal Sen, Saratchandra Chattopadhyay, and many other notable personalities in this field. The dance, art, handicrafts, textile, music, jatra or drama, magic, etc., have been the pride of this Kolkata.
Kolkata has produced some of the most eminent people who have taken some of the leading positions in the world. Be it education, culture, art, sports, literary, economics, cinema, it stands unmatched in any of these spheres. Rabindra Nath Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Swami Vivekanada, Raja Rammohan Roy, Satyajit Ray, Sourav Ganguly, Amatya Sen, etc., are some of the most distinguished people of this land.
Handicrafts that reflecting the tradition and culture of Kolkata include: Masks, Brass handicrafts, Taant handlooms, Terracotta tiles, Kantha embroidered fabrics and Paintings that can captivate anyone who would love to go on a shopping spree.
Cultural and art forms:
The art galleries located at the heart of the city conduct exhibitions that hold up the finest paintings that Kolkata is famous for. When it comes to culture, dance and music need special mention. Kolkattans are known for their intense interest and unsurpassed talent in these fields.
The natives are already famous for their mellifluous voices and great gifts in the field of dance. Rabindra nritya, rabindra sangeet, nazrul geeti, baul gaan, bhatiali, etc., are some of the most conventional cultural forms of this historic city. The folklore and the folk culture of Kolkata have already transcended beyond the national boundaries to become popular across the globe.
Jatra or theatre too constitutes the cultural institution of this city. Kolkata is known for the eminent people in these fields who have taken birth in this land and has contributed significantly in terms of art and culture.
When it comes to the culture of Kolkata, the city exhibits a perfect melange of varying traits including Durga Puja, Diwali and other festivals, fairs, exhibitions, functions, book fair, Bengali cuisine, narrow alleys, para culture, ornaments, textiles, literature and drama.
The city is well connected with public and private transports including buses, autorickshaws, rickshaws, taxis, metros, trams and circular rail. Also, the city connects to other places through the railways (Howrah Station and Sealdah station), waterways and airways (Netaji Subhash International airport).
Some of the globally renowned educational institutes find their place in the city like Presidency University, The Calcutta University, St. Xavier’s College, Jadavpur University, Rabindra Bharati University, etc.
The city, with pleasing and cordial hearts, is as sweet as its most favourite savouries like Rasogolla and misti doi! You really can’t experience the grandeur and richness of this place unless you hit this place once.